Gwich`in Land Claims Agreement

Hunting and fishing The Gwich`in have been granted exclusive rights to conduct wildlife trading in the Gwich`in territory and preferential rights throughout the residential area. Under the Gwich`in Comprehensive Land Claim Agreement, the GTC acquired ownership of 16,264 square kilometres of surface land throughout the Gwich`in Settlement Area and the Yukon, 6,065 square kilometres of land and underground land and 93 square kilometres of underground land throughout the Gwich`in Settlement Area. The GTC are responsible for the management of these lands and the management of the resources associated with them, for the benefit of all participants. This means reconciling the need to preserve and protect natural resources with development that can serve as a basis for future economic growth and independence. As part of the Gwich`in Comprehensive Land Claim Agreement (GCLCA), which was adopted on the 22nd The Gwich`in, represented by the Gwich`in Tribal Council (GTC), obtained ownership of 22,422 square kilometres of land in the Northwest Territories (NWT) and 1554 square kilometres of land in the Yukon. The Gwich`in own 6,158 square kilometers of the subsoil, including mines and minerals, the country they own inside the NWT. The municipalities of Inuvik, Aklavik, Fort McPherson and Tsiigechic are identified as Gwich`in municipalities under the CCGA. The GCLCA also provides for the negotiation of self-management. Gwich`in Regional Council, represented in the negotiations by the GOC, GNWT and Canada are negotiating a self-management agreement that will create Indigenous regional autonomy for Gwich`in citizens for the Gwichya Gwich`in Council (Tsiiantchic), Tetl`it Gwich`in Council (Fort McPherson) and Ehdiitat Gwich`in Council (Aklavik). The Nihtat Gwich`in Council and the Inuvik Native Band, the GNWT and Canada are negotiating a self-management agreement that will create community autonomy for the Nihtat Gwich`in of Inuvik. Both models of self-government will represent only the citizens of Gwich`in, this model being called the exclusive model of Aboriginal government. What are the rights and benefits of the Gwich`in with respect to lands and resources under the CCGA? The Gwich`in have obtained a simple title of 22,422 square kilometres of land in the NWT and 1554 square kilometres of land in the Yukon. Included in this sum, the Gwich`in also own 6,158 square kilometers of subsoil, including mines and minerals that can be found on or under that land.

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